Market Updates

February 2024 Monthly Market Review

In February, economic data surpassed expectations, leading to a reevaluation of policy rates and generally declining fixed income values. Meanwhile, persistent enthusiasm for artificial intelligence (AI) and robust corporate fundamentals drove significant gains in domestic equity markets, particularly by AI-related sectors like semi-conductors.KEY TAKEAWAYS FEBRUARY • Stronger than expected economic data caused a reassessment for the path of policy rates, leading to declines in most fixed income categories. • Ongoing enthusiasm for artificial intelligence (AI) and solid corporate fundamentals propelled domestic equity markets higher. • Non-U.S. equities delivered positive results, with notable gains coming from Japan and China. • Real asset categories were mixed with divergence among global REITS, but positive results from energy and energy-related investments.

Non-U.S. equities also performed well, especially in Japan and China, despite uncertainty related to the sustainability of the Chinese government’s intervention into markets.

In fixed income, revised rate cut expectations and stronger economic indicators led to higher Treasury yields and mixed results across various sectors. There were mixed results for real assets, with divergences across global real estate investment trusts (REITs), but gains in energy-related sectors. Overall, while equities saw growth, fixed income and real assets showed mixed performances amid shifting economic conditions.

Global Equities

Domestic equity markets posted their fourth consecutive month of positive performance.  The Russell 3000 Index gained 5.4%, while the S&P 500 increased 5.3% and hit the 5,000 milestone for the first time, closing the month at 5,096.

Momentum was the key driver of performance.  AI continued to be the most important market theme, with semiconductor stocks gaining 17.1%.  AI pure-play NVIDIA was the largest individual contributor to the S&P 500, gaining 28.6% after a strong earnings report.  Year-to-date, NVIDIA has added over $700 billion in market cap, leapfrogging Amazon and Alphabet to become the third largest stock by market cap, behind only Microsoft and Apple.

Corporate fundamentals remained solid, with the S&P 500 projected to grow earnings 10.9% in 2024.  However, recent market gains were primarily driven by multiple expansion, with the forward P/E ticking up from 17.3x at the end of October to 20.5x at the end of February.  For reference, the 10-year average  multiple for the S&P 500 was 17.7x at month-end.

Equities abroad were also strong, with developed non-U.S. and emerging markets gaining 1.8% and 4.8%, respectively.  While many countries in Europe grew, most notably Italy (+5.8%), returns were generally stronger in Asia.  Japan (+3.0%) continued its momentum as the Nikkei set a new all-time high during the month.  Hong Kong rose 4.6% due in large part to its economic connections to China (+8.4%).

China rallied sharply after the government intervened with several support measures aimed at restoring confidence and stabilizing markets.  Authorities ordered its state-backed financial services companies, including the investment arm of the country’s sovereign wealth fund, Central Huijin, to increase purchases of ETFs tracking the mainland benchmarks.  China’s Securities Regulatory Commission also announced restrictions on short-selling and a ban on net selling during both market openings and closes in an effort to ease pressure from quantitative traders.  Despite these efforts, sentiment toward China remained weak and it is unclear if the positive momentum is sustainable.  Elsewhere in Asia, Korea advanced 7.4% in anticipation of measures seeking to boost stock valuations via corporate governance improvements and tax incentives.

Fixed Income

Expectations for rate cuts in 2024 lessened in February due to multiple strong economic reports—from upside surprises in Q4 2023 GDP to a strong labor market and above-consensus inflation expectations—and several Fed speakers who reinforced the idea of patience amongst the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC).  The chart below compares pricing in futures markets with the most recently available FOMC guidance and shows that market expectations regarding the path of the policy rates were aligned with Fed guidance.

Treasury yields rose as investors reassessed the initiation and pace of rate cuts.  The most significant increases occurred in 2- and 5-year Treasuries, which rose 41 bps and 38 bps, respectively.  The 10-year and 30-year Treasuries also grew 29 bps and 17 bps, respectively.  Given the impact of duration, performance steadily worsened moving further out on the yield curve.  Treasury bills rose 0.4% and it outperformed 1-3 year Treasuries (−0.4%), 5-10 year Treasuries (−1.8%), and long-term Treasuries (−2.3%).  In aggregate, Treasuries fell 1.3%.  Within spread sectors, high yield corporates and commercial mortgage-backed securities (MBS) both experienced spread tightening, but investment-grade corporates, agency MBS, and asset-backed securities (ABS) saw spreads hold steady.   The impact of rising rates led to declines in investment-grade corporates (−1.5%), commercial MBS (−0.8%), MBS (−1.6%), and ABS (−0.3%).  High yield (+0.3%) and leveraged loans (+1.1%) were the only areas of fixed income to deliver positive returns during the month.



Real Assets

Real assets delivered mixed results in February. U.S. REITs rose 1.7%, while European and U.K. REITs declined 8.1% and 7.2%, respectively, dragging down global REIT (-0.6%) performance.  Within the U.S., office (−2.0%) and other rate-sensitive sectors underperformed, while regional malls outperformed (+7.8%). Regional malls are up 31.0% over the trailing one-year period, falling behind only data centers, which have increased 36.0% over the same period.

There continues to be a flood of commercial real estate headlines, mostly related to office defaults, with San Francisco vacancy rates eclipsing 30%. Additionally, select regional banks, including New York Community Bancorp, experienced further stress due to their office and rent-controlled apartment exposures.  While there is some concern that a larger cohort of regional banks may become stressed, Michael Barr, Federal Reserve Vice Chair for Supervision, appeared to downplay those concerns and recently noted, “for a small number of banks with a risk profile that could result in funding pressures, supervisors are continuously monitoring these firms.”  Commercial MBS delinquency rates have increased from the prior year, with the increase driven almost entirely by the office sector.

Natural resource equities (+2.6%) were positive in February on increased prices in Brent Crude (+1.7%), as well as strong earnings and continued distributions.

MLPs (+4.3%) had another month of positive performance, as the sector continues to demonstrate strong market fundamentals and offer attractive yields. Commodities decreased 1.5%, primarily due to weakened investor sentiment concerning economic growth in China.  Global infrastructure (+0.0%) and clean energy (−0.1%) saw little change on the month. ⬛


LOOKING AHEAD MARCH • The soft landing narrative has re-emerged, but fragile conditions still exist in parts of the economy. • Inflation came in higher than expected and getting to the Fed’s 2% target may be more difficult than previously thought. • Momentum can reverse which puts a greater burden on earnings growth to support future equity market returns. • When the easing cycle starts, it could fuel a speculative bubble in parts of the equity markets.


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